Glossary of terms and artists

This glossary has a list of useful terms to know when thinking about art. It also displays all the artists we have looked at in the course.


Browse the glossary using this index

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G

Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter. Some of his well known paintings are:
The Kiss, 1907–1908
Adele Bloch-Bauer I, 1907

J

Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock was an American painter who was part of the abstract expressionist movement in the 1940's and 50's. He is well known for using his paintbrush to splatter and drip paint across the canvas. Notable works of his include:
No. 5, 1948
One: Number 31, 1950

For more on Pollock:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_pollock

K

Kazimir Malevich

Kazimir Malevich was a Ukranian painter who was a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the Suprematist movement. Notable works include:
Black Square, 1915
Woman Torso, 1932

For more information on Kazimir Malevich:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimir_Malevich

M

Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp was a French artist who is part of the Dada and Surrealist movements. Notable works by him include:
Fountain 1917
L.H.O.O.Q 1919
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 1912

For more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Duchamp

P

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was a spanish painter and sculptor who founded the Cubist movement. Cubism shows objects as broken up and from different view points. He is most well known for these works:
Les Desmoiselles d'Avignon 1907
Guernica 1937
Dora Maar au Chat 1941

Painting

Painting is the process is applying paint to a surface to create an image.

Printmaking

Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing a carved image from a block onto paper. Some famous printmakers are:
Andy Warhol,
M.C. Escher
Albrecht Durer

For more information on printmaking processes:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printmaking

R

Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein was a pop artist who's art resembles comic book style. Some of his famous images include:
Woman: Sunlight, Moonlight, 1996
Girl with Beach Ball III, 1977
Head with Blue Shadow, 1965

For more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Lichtenstein

S

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali is a famous Spanish surrealist artist who dealt with themes of time and space. Many of his images are very dreamlike and surreal. Well known works include:
The Persistence of Memory, 1931
Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening, 1944

Sculpture

Sculpture is the process of creating a 3D by carving a material into a shape. Stone, metal, clay, and wood are materials used for sculpting.

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