Glossary of terms and artists

This glossary has a list of useful terms to know when thinking about art. It also displays all the artists we have looked at in the course.


Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

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A

Abstract Art

Abstract Art is art that does not show realistic looking objects. Abstract artists refer to real object using shapes and colours. Famous abstract artists include:
Pablo Picasso
Wassily Kandinsky
Jackson Pollock

Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol is an artist who was part of the pop art movement in the 1970's and 80's. Many of his images are created from printmaking. Some of his well known artworks are:
Campbell's Soup I (1968)
Turquoise Marilyn 1962
Banana, 1966

Art

Art has many different aspects to it. Visual arts include processes such as painting, photography, printmaking, sculpture, and filmmaking.

B

Banksy

Banksy is an English artist who has been influential in making graffiti artworks in public places. Some people consider this to be vandalism. His work talks about today's cultural and political issues.

To check out some photos of his works, check out:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banksy

C

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

Are two artists who are well known for wrapping large monuments. In this course you saw their work with the oil barrels and blocking the valley. To read more about them and look at more of their works go here:

http://www.christojeanneclaude.net/

D

Doris Salcedo

Is the artist who created the crack in the floor, and the chairs stacked between two buildings. Read more about her her here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doris_Salcedo

Drawing

Drawing is a way of creating an image using color pencils, crayons, charcoals, pastels, or markers. Techniques that are used in drawing are: shading, crosshatching, and line drawing.

F

Found art

Art that has been created from everyday objects

Frank Gehry

Is a well respected sculpter. He makes very unique buildings.

To find out more about him go here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Gehry

G

Group of Seven

The group of seven were seven Canadian artists who exhibited their works together in the 1920's. The group consisted of: Lawren Harris, A. J. Casson, Arthur Lismer, A. Y. Jackson, and Franklin Carmichael, Emily Carr, and Frank Johnson.

For more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_of_Seven_(artists)

Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter. Some of his well known paintings are:
The Kiss, 1907–1908
Adele Bloch-Bauer I, 1907

J

Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock was an American painter who was part of the abstract expressionist movement in the 1940's and 50's. He is well known for using his paintbrush to splatter and drip paint across the canvas. Notable works of his include:
No. 5, 1948
One: Number 31, 1950

For more on Pollock:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_pollock

K

Kazimir Malevich

Kazimir Malevich was a Ukranian painter who was a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the Suprematist movement. Notable works include:
Black Square, 1915
Woman Torso, 1932

For more information on Kazimir Malevich:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimir_Malevich

M

Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp was a French artist who is part of the Dada and Surrealist movements. Notable works by him include:
Fountain 1917
L.H.O.O.Q 1919
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 1912

For more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Duchamp

P

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was a spanish painter and sculptor who founded the Cubist movement. Cubism shows objects as broken up and from different view points. He is most well known for these works:
Les Desmoiselles d'Avignon 1907
Guernica 1937
Dora Maar au Chat 1941

Painting

Painting is the process is applying paint to a surface to create an image.

Printmaking

Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing a carved image from a block onto paper. Some famous printmakers are:
Andy Warhol,
M.C. Escher
Albrecht Durer

For more information on printmaking processes:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printmaking

R

Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein was a pop artist who's art resembles comic book style. Some of his famous images include:
Woman: Sunlight, Moonlight, 1996
Girl with Beach Ball III, 1977
Head with Blue Shadow, 1965

For more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Lichtenstein

S

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali is a famous Spanish surrealist artist who dealt with themes of time and space. Many of his images are very dreamlike and surreal. Well known works include:
The Persistence of Memory, 1931
Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening, 1944

Sculpture

Sculpture is the process of creating a 3D by carving a material into a shape. Stone, metal, clay, and wood are materials used for sculpting.

Symbolism

Symbolism is a movement where artists used symbols to create meaning in their works. Sometimes the meaning intended by the artist is unknown and we have to interpret the meanings ourselves. Some Symbolist painters include:
Gustave Moreau
Gustav Klimt
Odilon Redon
Jan van Eyck

T

The Group of Seven

A group of Seven painters who changed the canadian art scene in the 1920's

V

Vincent Van Gogh

Vincent Van Gogh was a dutch post-impressionist artist. His famous works are
Vase with 12 Sunflowers 1888
The Starry Night 1889
Portrait of Dr. Gachet 1890

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